п»їThe Philippines Beneath Spanish Regulation (1600s-1800s)
FACTORS BEHIND SPANISH COLONIZATION When King Charles send an journey to the East, his purpose was to get commercial. But when Legazpi been successful laying foundation in the Philippines, the Spanish claim the archipelago in two reasons: first, since the Philippines was discovered within the patronage of Spain, Israel therefore was owned by Spain; second, since Italy, being in actual possession of the Thailand, it had the justification to colonize this. As such, the Philippines is at possession of the King of Spain and therefore, a top colony. POLITICS CHANGES The Central Government The Laws of the Indies were utilized in the Philippines. Spanish after that made an organized central government inside the Philippines. At this time, the central government was so strong that anything has to be done with its knowledge and permission. The central government was headed by the governor and governor-general who had been appointed by King of Spain. Yet , there were just two divisions: the professional and the legislativo. There were zero legislative since the laws were made by the Spaniards in Spain. The governor-general was so strong that he was also the vice regal patron inside the Philippines plus the commander-in-chief with the armed forces. This kind of power was best proven in the proper of cumplase. Cumplase was your right with the governor to suspend the operation of a Royal decree in the Philippines. TheAudiencia The Audiencia is a court the place that the judicial power of the govt were exercised. The lower tennis courts were also 1, therefore the Concurrencia was the highest court. Here, civil and criminal circumstances were worried. Local Government Underneath the central authorities was the comarcal government. It was headed by the alcalde creciente. His salary was small but he could accumulate a part of the tribute to increase his income. This correct was known as indulto sobre comercio. Underneath the provincial govt was the city government which can be headed by gobernadorcillo. Today, it is equivalent to the creciente. He was assisted in the supervision by deputies called tenientes, and subordinate officials named alguaciles. The location and Its Govt During the initial century of Spanish regulation, there were simply two cities: Cebu and Manila. By the seventeenth century, the Israel had 6 cities due to the continuation of the Spaniards conquest. Because of the increase in the number of cities, the cities had a different authorities form than that of the location. It was called ayuntamiento, consisted of two alcaldes, twelve regidores, a primary police secretary, a city admin, and other officials. However , every single barangay within a town was headed with a cabeza sobre barangay who had no wage. Propagating the Catholic Trust In line with the Augustinian Order brought by Legazpi, several missionaries arrived in the Philippines to spread Catholicism. Some of them will be as follows: Franciscan missionaries (1577)
Dominican missionaries (1587)
Recollect missionaries (1606)
These missionaries worked hard to propagate the Catholic faith. Due to their operate, many natives converted to the Catholic faith. The Union of Cathedral and Express Because the early on Kings of Spain offered a lot in propagating the Catholic trust, they started to be closely identified with the Chapel. There was a union of the church and state. This union was also presented in the Philippines. Government officials and chapel officials started to be close with each other. As their relationship grew, government officials started to be church officials. Likewise, local clergy became federal government officials. The Church Organization To administer the parishes effectively, the Catholic Church was divided into districts. Districts will be then broken into parishes and missions. Areas represented geographic regions that had diverse dialects. Whilst, the parishes represented towns and tasks represented areas that were not conquered and converted into Catholicism. The Inquisition The...